Dental sensitivity is the pain produced when dentin, which is protected by gums, cementum and enamel, lose their natural protection and remains uncovered.
Dentin has thousands of microscopic tubes called fluid-filled tubules through which sensation is transmitted to the dental pulps and nerves. When tooth loss it’s protection due to gum retraction and/or tooth enamel ware, and remains exposed to external stimuli, they reach the nerves connected to dental pulp causing that pain sensation.
Most common causes that lead patients to suffer sensitivity are:
- Gums retraction
- Tooth enamel ware
- Tooth decay
- Gum disease
Once we understand what sensitivity is and its causes we can take some actions to help to relieve and prevent this suffering:
- It is very important to perform correct daily dental cleaning routine, brushing your teeth 3 times a day and daily flossing can mean a big difference in long term, not only relieving sensitivity but also preventing tooth loss in the future.
- Periodic visits to the dentist are also important since these professionals can detect and treat any suffering in early stages and in cases as bruxism they can provide their professional help.
- Eating and drinking too many food with abrasive components, as too many acid fruits, can cause damage to tooth enamel, to have healthy teeth it’s necessary to keep a balanced diet.